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What Are Fire Dampers and Why Do They Need to Be Maintained?

In any commercial or residential setting, fire safety is crucial. Fire dampers are some of the best tools we have when it comes to protecting people from smoke and fire.

In this guide, we delve into the world of fire dampers. What are they, and why are they so crucial for building maintenance schedules?

What is a Fire Damper?

A fire damper is a device used in ducting or when there is a wall in the property that is fire-resistant. The ducting would ordinarily allow fire to spread, but a damper closes when a certain temperature is reached. This stops flame and smoke from passing through.

Their main purpose is to stop fire from spreading through ventilation ductwork and shafts by closing off the flow of air in case of fire.

Smoke and fire dampers are an integral part of fire safety systems.

Types of Fire Dampers

There are three main types of fire dampers:

Heat-activated fire dampers are the most common type of fire damper and work by sensing when the temperature reaches a certain level. The damper will then close automatically to stop the spread of fire and smoke.

Automatic fire dampers activate when a fire alarm or smoke detector is triggered in the building.

Manual fire dampers are operated by manual means, such as a lever or switch.

Why do Fire Dampers Need Maintenance?

Like any other part of your building, fire dampers need to be maintained to ensure they are working effectively when you need them.

Fire dampers should be maintained in accordance with the fire safety system’s maintenance plan. This will ensure that they are checked and cleaned regularly to stop the build-up of dirt, dust, and grease. All of these can stop the fire damper from functioning properly.

How Often do I Need to Maintain Fire Dampers?

The fire safety system should be included in a maintenance schedule that outlines how often safety equipment should be maintained. This will depend on the type of fire damper and what the building is used for, however, it is reasonable to check every 6-12 months.

Regular fire damper inspections are essential to identify potential faults and damage within the ductwork or fire smoke dampers.

Getting Your Fire Safety System Checked

Working with fire dampers is a specialist skill. At Robinsons Facilities Services, we boast a team of qualified professionals who have the accreditation and experience to work with different systems and equipment.

We can offer planned maintenance contracts or emergency, reactive services if something goes wrong with your building.

Book an appointment

Working across Yorkshire, we cover North YorkshireWest YorkshireEast Yorkshire and South Yorkshire and offer a fast, efficient response time to all breakdowns and repairs. Contact us today for all plannedreactive maintenance or emergency call out. Call 01423 226578 or get in touch to see how Robinsons Facilities Services can help.

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